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Sectoral Workshop - Industrial Development


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PROCEEDINGS

Objective of the Workshop
    The objective of the Sectoral Workshop was to bring together the various representatives of the industry and have them deliberate on the key sectoral challenges, the possible solutions and what could be the key sectoral Vision for 2025.
Time & Date: 10:30 – 16:35 Hours, 22nd September, 2017
Venue: JW Marriot, Bangalore
Mode of Meeting: In person
Participants

  • Mr. B Indushekar, Co-Convener - CII MFG Panel and VP & GM, Volvo Construction Equipment India
  • Mr. T S Jaishankar, Dy. Managing Director, Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd
  • Mr. Sureshkumar R, Chief Technology Officer, GE Healthcare
  • Mr. Gautam B A Head – Manufacturing Taegutec India Pvt. Ltd
  • Mr. G P Chandra Kumar, Founder & CEO Skillsonics
  • Mr. Rajendra Hegde, General Manager, Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd
  • AVM Murali Sundaram, Member of the Governing Board Mission Aerospace Foundation of India
  • Dr. A Preeteesh, Head – Training Presidency College
  • Mr. Ranjan Manish, Head - Industry Institute Collaboration New Horizon College of Engineering
  • Mr. Sumanth, General Manager - External Affairs, Toyota Industries Engine India Private Limited
  • Mr. Rajendra D, Training and Placement Officer, New Horizon
  • Dr. Shiv K. Tripathi, Senior Professor and Dean, CMR University Anchored By: Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
  • Mr. Yogesh Vora, Director, Indo Nissan Foods
  • Ms. Geeta Panda, Chairman, India Women Network
  • MD. Ravi, Director (Finance), Energy Department, GoK
Notes of the Meeting

      Ms. Renuka Chidambaram, IAS & CEO of Vision 2025 Project Office inaugurated the workshop and briefed the participants on the background of Vision 2025 document. She talked about the approach for the visioning exercise, its objective and how this Vision Document will unfold the needs and aspiration of different stakeholders including Citizens (Women, Youth, Senior Citizens, Vulnerable population etc.), Academia, Companies, Civil Societies, Government Departments and others. The inauguration speech was followed by the presentation from Confederation of Indian Industry on the overview of the Industries in Karnataka. Later, the participants were divided in three groups based on three themes: Policies (Easy of Doing Business), Infrastructure & Human Resources and Research, Development and Innovation to discuss about the challenges and possible solutions to address those.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

Infrastructure, Human Resource and Others

Challenges    Solution
  • Information on the number of people in the working group and people that would be entering the working force due to growing population needs to be captured on a consistent basis.
  • Quality of education and skill development needs improvement.  However, while addressing this issue, we should be careful that quantity is not negotiated.
  • Lack of information on the job demands: number of jobs available, compensation, location, eligibility should be captured and published on a more frequent basis.
  • Drop-out rate needs to be minimized.
  • 90 percent of the working population is working in the informal sector. These people are uncertified but skilled. Informal system needs more attention.
  • The job opportunities are not adequate in small cities due to limited industries.
  • Relevancy of higher education should be studied in detail.
  • Faculties’ teaching capability is a very big challenge
  • Small business are in value chain to bid companies and get the training
  • The parameter “quality” w.r.t trainers is not defined.
  • Teachers are taken as easy labors for everything from election to vaccination.
  • Kendra Vidayalas (comes under Centre Government) are very good in certain places but not everywhere

 Overall

  • Certification should be made mandatory for all the trainers/teachers (knowledge, qualified, practical/industry oriented, pedagogy) should be in place.
  • Everyone should have access to internet (Library of the World)
  • Curriculum and teaching pedagogy can be improved by using Information Technology
  • IT infrastructure for schools should be provided
  • Connecting every school through IT infrastructure will enable the replication of Teaching methodology etc
  • Virtual classes can be promoted in the remote locations.
  • English language and soft skills to be made compulsory.
  • Grading system for schools should be developed like there is a grading system for students
  • Government should be provide incentives to drop out. Rs. 2000 can be given to students who are dropping out so that they are not burden to the family.
  • Sector wise job demand should be forecasted.
  • Labor market information system should be developed
  • In some ITI's, faculties are not in adequate in quantity and quality
  • Seasonal schooling-construction, agriculture….run the school…income generation and education will go hand in hand
  • Continuous data collection on quality and quantity
  • Industry can adopt some colleges and help in certain way like providing apprenticeship.
  • Partnership with private companies using technology in cost effective manner should be established.
  • Shared Lab at District level should be developed.
  • Reforms in the curriculum are needed
  • Quality issue of teachers can be improved by providing good salary
  • Teachers should have practical exposure.
  • Linkages should be established between the companies and academia in the area of research and development.

 Primary Education

  • Quality of infrastructure in schools should be improved as per its size.
  • Self-learning/pro-active learning should be encouraged.

   
 Secondary and Post-secondary

  • Information on job demand should be provided to students.
  • Flip pedagogy should be introduced.

 Higher Education

  • Job oriented training/curriculum
  • Access to information on job requirement
  • Flip pedagogy
  • COE (faculty/training) to be established

 Vocational Institutes

  • Job oriented training should be provided.
  • Centre of Excellence should be created in every district
  • Govt should take lead in collaborating the joint actions between the stakeholders
     Aspirations
  • By 2025, there should be 100 percent literacy rate and no difference w.r.t gender
  • Karnataka should become a World leader for using the Information Technology in Education and Skill Development

Research and Development and Innovation

Challenges  Solution
  • Connectivity in Hubli, if envisaged as another centre of state, has following issues – no airport, road travel is long and tedious, no quality healthcare facilities or housing facilities, no quality entertainment, no quality education
  • Need for an additional motivation to move to other cities
  • Getting approvals for R&D is a bottle neck
  • Number of quality institutions such as IISC need to be increased to increase innovation and R&D setup
  • Infrastructure such as peripheral roads and bypasses, metro and airport connectivity in Bangalore city needs improvement.
  • Incentives for people working in R&D – tax rebates to organizations and lower taxation slabs for employees are not there or not adequate.
  • Tax incentives and easy loan provisions for startups to promote innovation and R&D
  • Infrastructure for plug and play centres for industries such as – megatronics, defense, and agriculture should be developed.
  • District wise institutes to have innovation hubs supported by Government to promote and incubate entrepreneurship. Merging education & industry & Government. Ownership of such hubs to be with the industry expert and DC.
  • Adequately incentivizing startups by providing tax incentives, subsidies, etc.
  • Single window clearances for all required approvals. Obtaining approval should be decentralization and digitalization.
  • Policies to existing facilities to evolve, improve and increase such innovation and R&D centres should be improved.
  • Setting up of Autonomous committee, which is independent of political motive, to overlook and oversee such developments.

Strategy (Ease of Doing Business)

Challenges  Solution
  • Infrastructure to encourage industry is not adequate.
  • Rules and regulations needs reforms
  • Facilitation for ease of doing business
  • Need for balance between technocrats and generalists at the Government Department so that the issues are properly understood and acknowledged.
  • Lack of institutional mechanism to monitor the progress of industrial projects.
  • Road and lighting infrastructure in the industrial zones should be improved.
  • Affordable housing should be provided for all
  • Labor laws and reforms                                                            
    • Extend flexibility of laws and regulations for factories and industries
    • Digitalization in form of self-certification, filing of forms, submission of fees, etc.                                                                          
    • Reforming of Factories and Boilers                                                
    • Act Apprenticeship Act – Trainings are not recognized
  • Principal secretary to be key account manager for projects
  • Deemed approvals to be included – So that the onus lies on the government
  • Incentives to be continued for the newly established organizations
  • Remove discretionary clauses provided on all exceptions and update laws accordingly
  • Policies which encourage SMEs to upscale and additionally removing fear of compliances
  • Alternative additional growth centres for backward regions to be identified
  • More need to be done for manufacturing hubs in Karnataka
  • Encouraging investors to create more jobs
Aspirations

     To provide the most favorable business regulatory environment for technology enabled manufacturing and services industry of all sizes and capacity.

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