Objective of the Workshop
The objective of the Sectoral Workshop was to bring together the various representatives of the industry and have them deliberate on the key sectoral challenges, the possible solutions and the key sectoral Vision for 2025.
Time & Date: 10:30 – 16:35 Hours, 27th September, 2017
Venue: JW Marriot, Bangalore
Mode of Meeting: Focused
Anchored By: World Resource Institute (WRI)
What strategies can reduce regional disparity and promote the growth of smaller cities? At the same time, how can the primacy of Bangalore be managed & leveraged?
- For smaller cities, Planning framework for uninterrupted supply of water and power is desired
- Regional disparity (north vs. south): Northern Karnataka needs huge impetus for growth of social infrastructure
- Continue to invest in Bangalore: Invest in public transport and use that as a policy lever
- Absence of middle tier cities: Make these cities attractive to live, create job opportunities
- Leverage the intention of 6 smart cities
- Better administrative controls
- Understand the drawbacks from the older programs and plan for future by using this as the basis
- An integrated system can be created to use smaller villages as feeders.
- Divide states on zones based on geography (coastal, hilly, etc.) and planning can be done for each zone
- Invest in 2nd tier cities so that those cities becomes attractive for people to live, provide economic development and job opportunities. These can help contain growth of Bangalore.
- Bangalore is reaching a break point: Not-liveable but more and more people are coming for jobs.
- Municipalisation has not been done: Multi-municipal structure requires coordination and would be inefficient. It needs to be thought upon that what size is manageable with required governance structure
- 60% of Karnataka population is located along one corridor. Moreover, smart cities have been strategically chosen (having good connectivity, etc.). the big question is ways to trigger investment but with good connectivity and good human resource
- Growth of smaller cities around Bangalore: Can these cities be interlinked with each other - link laggards to leaders
- Maximum population is still dependent on agriculture. This will cause further disparity, so ways to leverage these agri villages, which exist around major cities, is required
- Developing smaller cities, making these cities self-sufficient and recognizing and leveraging inherent strengths, which can be natural or man-made, should be stressed upon.
- Vision document based on different sectors can create disparities. The state should be divided into different zones and contextual vision statements should be created. The 2025 demographic scenario can be projected and accordingly document can be prepared.
- Increase mobility in Tier 2 cities to attract people and develop economies
- Governing structures should be designed based on size of the municipalities
- There is need to capitalize on human index in smaller cities
What are the key reforms that need to be implemented within statutory acts and across institutions for better governance and coordination?
- Reforms centred around preserving eco-systems and sustainability
- Industrial development act needs to be revisited – major infra projects should invite comments, suggestions from all departments
- Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act: Empower local govt. for coordination, increase tenure of mayor, elected representatives, etc.
- Corporations should be made accountable for actions
- Provide opportunity for developing capacity of city planners/administrators, bring on quality leaders
- Bring the town planning scheme into play
- Three Es- ecology, economy, education can be the big vision. Economy – Looking at ecological map as a state driver; Economic – Plan suggesting economic conditions and creating potential for the same; Education – Creating better educational hubs to attract economy
- Mayor in council- Kolkata system; financing fundamental to all challenges; 60 bn for urban infra, local govt. needs autonomy in increasing taxes/charges, etc.; land use regulations, FAR is very low in Indian cities, very restrictive; improve infra in high density areas; cities restricted in making money 128 UDA and 38 towns
- MPC needs to be at BMRDA scale not at BDA that plans the city; mayor needs to be elected, CM has defacto chairmanships, MPC should be headed by mayor at BMRDA level
- BMRGA bill needs to be revisited
- Ward committees should be properly structured and should be empowered
- Updating the Acts (KTCP, panchayat raj act etc.) for better co-ordination and cooperation between different government departments
- Creating common platform and format for spatial data systems
- Lateral hiring in Government departments
- Elective representative should be critically a part of Municipalities act
- KTCP – Input at regional level needed
- Governance and co-ordination between different departments required with BMRDA being a common forum
- Making the government strong and accountable for the city development
- Increasing the internal capacity within the Government and municipality
- Increasing the term of elected representatives (5 years) to help them absorb and serve effectively
- TP Scheme to be introduced in the state as it is a collaborative approach.
- City governments have to be given autonomy to raise their own money through their own taxing systems
- Statuary reforms to minimize conflict between different regulatory reforms and documents