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Sectoral Workshops - Energy


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PROCEEDINGS

Objective of the Workshop

     The objective of the Sectoral Workshop was to bring together the various representatives from the Renewable Energy & Transportation Sector and have them deliberate on the key sectoral challenges, the possible solutions and the key sectoral Vision for 2025.  
Time & Date:             10:30 – 16:35 Hours, 22nd & 27th September, 2017
Venue:                      JW Marriot, Bangalore
Mode of Meeting:      Focused
Anchored By:            Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy, CSTEP on 22nd September 2017 & World Resource Institute (WRI) on 27th September 2017

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

Discussion on Energy Sector by CSTEP

  • Electrification challenge: Connectivity issues pointed out majorly for North Karnataka districts because laying down a connectivity line is difficult due to terrain issues
  • Presently, a village is called electrified even if only 10% of the household in that village has electricity. In this regard, amend definition of  ‘electrification’ of villages as covered in Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) and Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) schemes
  • Need to bring down AT&C losses to below 10% by 2025
  • Need for taking efforts to provide adequate, reliable and affordable supply of electricity to non-metro hubs and other cities of Karnataka to attract investments.
  • Need for assessing energy availability for 2nd & 3rd tier towns of Karnataka
  • Develop manufacturing hubs and meet growing energy demands of such hubs by providing T&D infra and other energy infra support as required
  • Incentivising for setting up industries outside Bangalore to promote growth in other cities/ towns
  • Targeting for 100% billing and collection efficiency across all areas by 2025
  • Targeting 100% metering of BJ & KJ consumers along with agricultural feeder segregation
  • To increase reliable supply, complete feeder segregation in an expedited fashion as feeder segregation led to almost 22 hours of supply in certain areas
  • Ensure 100% DT and Feeder level (urban and rural)  metering with accuracy
  • Ensure 100% SCADA implementation for feeders  
  • Need for accurate energy auditing system especially for proper assessment of consumptions by IP sets
  • Need for bringing 100% energy efficient IP sets in the state. Better incentives schemes could be looked into
  • Explore 25-50% agricultural pumps to be replaced by solar pump sets
  • Electric Vehicles: Policy targets for setting up charging infrastructure and storage infrastructure to be ventured upon. Metro Stations can also be used as charging hubs
  • Need for having smart grid infrastructure in all smart cities in the state by 2025
  • Karnataka can be a leader in EV and smart grid
  • Major thrust to be given to public transportation from energy consumption, urbanisation and pollution point of view

Discussion on Renewable Energy Sector by WRI

  • Vision: Adequate, reliable and sustainable energy for economic growth and development
  • Goals: The goals to be achieved by 2025 are accountable and transparent planning, RE goals to be at 50% of installed capacity, Distribution losses to be cut below 10% and 24*7 reliable energy access to all homes and industries
  • The recommendations to achieve the goals are accurate demand projection, Peak load to be adjusted through renewable energy, Storage capacity to be increased through pumped and non-pumped, Feeder segregation for farm and non-farm consumption, Billing and collection, Tariff rationalization

Transportation by WRI

  • The discussion focused on public transport in Bengaluru, and the same model can be followed by other towns/cities in Karnataka as they urbanise.
  • It was widely agreed that increasing public transport mode share to at least 50% is the only sustainable solution for Bengaluru and any growing town/city.
  • To reduce congestion, school and large office complexes/tech parks should charter buses for students and employees – there should ideally be incentives for this and penalties for complexes that encourage private vehicle use.
  • For the general public, mass-transit mode share is likely to increase only when public transport gains reliability, but is priced affordably and competitive to other modes of transport.  
  • Metro rail solutions are critical for big cities like Bengaluru currently, but care should be taken to ensure other modes of public transit are not neglected, as last-mile connectivity is a common problem with metro rail services.
  • This requires the existence of a high-quality public bus service to achieve necessary public transport network density.
  • The five pillars of quality bus-based transit (that would attract users) are reliability and information, safety, affordability, comfort, service time
  • A major hurdle to improve bus service quality are the finances of bus corporations (BMTC, KSRTC, NWKRTC, NEKRTC).
  • Funding for buses is erratic across years, hampering the process of fleet augmentation – a dedicated revenue stream for public transport is required.
  • Along with dedicated funding streams, bus transport corporations in the state should examine newer, innovative financing mechanisms for bus procurement and operations.
  • There is a serious lack of investment in pedestrian facilities, barring TenderSURE.  This affects the use of public transport as potential passengers lack adequate walking facilities to their destinations even from close stops and as such, prefer to use private transport.
  • The lack of quick cooperation between the multiple institutions handling urban transport (in the Bengaluru context, the BBMP, BMTC, BMRCL, BTP and SWR among others) impacts the quick execution of projects that could lead to an improved, integrated transit system.
  • Developing precise and achievable goals for improving public transport (and the attendant environmental impact) are crucial.  A set of city (or town)-level goals should be created, each with a set of measurable indicators that can be analysed each year.
  • The development of such an index will help facilitate investment into aspects most critical for development.

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